the smoothie diet

Weight Loss Surgery for Obesity - Weight Loss Meal Plans For Men

The first weight loss surgery Garrick Pedersen was submitted almost killed him.

The doctors placed an elastic band around the stomach of Pedersen just below the esophagus to restrict the amount of food he could eat. Pedersen, which weighed close to 300 pounds, began to lose weight almost immediately after surgery.

"I was very happy," says Pedersen, 52, lawyer in the San Francisco Bay area. "I felt better. I looked better." What's more, very small portions of food left him feeling full.

So came problems. Pedersen felt abdominal pain and was rushed in surgery. The band around his stomach had slipped, threatening to cut circulation. He waited a lot longer, he could have died. The band was removed safely, but Pedersen began to recover the weight quickly.

"I was devastated," he recalls. "It was not just a matter of wanting to be fat, though I certainly mattered to me. There are serious health problems associated with being obese, what I was. And I've had many of them. I was being treated by diabetes. My hips and mine. knees were deteriorating. My blood pressure was very high. Being obese would almost certainly cut my life. And when you have two young children, this is a difficult thing to think. "

Then, less than a year later, Pedersen was back to the hospital, going through another weight loss operation. This time, surgeons ignored a large section of their stomach and eliminated an excerpt from their intestines, an operation called gastric bypass. Three months after the second operation, Pedersen lost more than 45 pounds, enough for people to stop him on the street to say how great appearance.

Black Women Weight Loss - Weight Loss Surgery for Obesity

Black Women Weight Loss
Weight Loss Surgery: Drastic Solutions for a Drastic Problem

Pedersen is hardly alone in resorting to drastic weight loss surgery for lost pounds. More and more severely overweight and obese people are turning to bariatric surgery, as these weight loss procedures are called. According to a 2005 report published in the Journal of American Medical Association, the number of bariatric operations increased seven in only five years - from 13,365 operations in 1998 to 102,177 in 2003. The results of the survey also show a steep ascent in the number of men They opt for weight loss surgery.

Weight Loss Surgery For Obesity

As surgical approaches to treat obesity were first carried out in the 1970s, they were controversial. If the problem is that obese people eat too much, cutting parts of their stomachs and intestines so they eat less seem an extreme solution.

"But the fact is that the diet and other lifestyle interventions simply do not work very well for most people," says Edward Livingston, MD, Surgeon of Southwestern Medical School, in Dallas and Bariatric Surgery for Affairs of the veterans of the nation system. "And for people who are obese, they almost always fail." To continue prescribing treatments that have been shown repeatedly to fail is simply bad remedy, it insists.

Actually, early attempts of weight loss surgery did not work well. They carried serious risks of infection and death. But now, surgeons refined two basic approaches, experts say, gastric bands and gastric bypass surgery, which offer better results with much less complications than previous procedures.

Weight Loss Surgery: Band Versus Bypass

The simplest type of weight loss surgery, gastric bands, involves putting a band around the upper stomach, which creates a small bag. The operation restricts the amount of foods that can be digested, causing people to feel full with much smaller portions.

In the second and more complicated procedure, gastric bypass surgery, the surgeon creates a small stomach bag and directly connects the bag to the thick intestine. In most cases, part of the thick intestine is also removed. Because a large stretch of digestive tract that usually absorbs food is ignored, patients absorb less calories of food they eat.

For men, weighing the risks and benefits of these two types of weight loss surgery is especially prickly. "Men generally experience more complications of bariatric surgery than women," explains Livingston, "probably in part because they carry more abdominal fat than women, so the operation is more difficult to run." But men also suffer more complications as a result of obesity than women, then they benefit more losing weight. "

Gastric bands is the safest of the two weight loss surgeries. The operation is typically performed as "belly button surgery", performed through a small opening in the abdomen, a procedure called laparoscopic surgery. Unfortunately, for seriously obese patients the results are often disappointing. "After gastric bands, weight loss is typically slow, and many patients end up losing only a relatively small percentage of body weight," explains Livingston. Because the bag that is formed, inserting the band can expand if people eat a lot of food, some patients end up recovering the weight they lost.

. Gastric bypass surgery, on the other hand, is more complicated and carries out more risks, including infection, blood clots and leakage where the stomach and intestine are solgerically connected. Because surgery interferes with absorption, especially calcium and iron, there is also a lifelong risk of anemia and other nutritional deficiencies.

But bypass surgery is much more effective than the bandage. Studies show that obese patients can expect to lose up to 2/3 of their body weight. Weight loss usually occurs quickly. And patients with gastric bypass are much more likely than those who receive gastric bands to keep the weight off.

Medical problems related to obesity also disappear with amazing speed. "In diabetic patients, signs of diabetes solve immediately after surgery," says Livingston. High blood pressure and high cholesterol dramatically improve. Hip and knee pain are facilitated drastically when weight is reduced. Sleep apnea, another serious health risk associated with obesity, also solves how patients lose fat around their necks, says Livingston.

A 2007 study by doctors at the Health Center of St. Elizabeth and Nordestern Ohio Universities College of Medicine. The researchers followed 400 patients who underwent gastric bypass surgery. High blood pressure, cholesterol, diabetes, sleep apnea, asthma and reflux disease have improved or solved completely by 80% to 100% of these patients after an average of one year. Arthritis, back pain and articulated, and depression had also improved, although not so dramatically.

However, despite the growing number of people turning weight loss surgery, only a very small percentage of dangerously overweight Americans opt for operations - less than 1%, according to recent searches.

This should not be amazing. The decision to tie or remove entirely a large part of the stomach and the upper intestine is not easy. After the operation, patients should take vitamin and minerals supplements specially formulated for the rest of their life to avoid malnutrition. Gastric bypass surgery can also cause a condition called "dumping" when foods, especially sugary foods, goes very quickly through the system. This causes symptoms such as nausea, swelling, abdominal pain, weakness, sweating and diarrhea. After surgery patients should also be careful to eat very small portions and carefully chew.

And there is always the risk of complications. A 2005 study discovered that the rate of hospitalizations for obese patients almost tripled in the year after gastric bypass surgery.

The benefits of weight loss surgery Despite these risks, they say experts suggest that procedures are becoming safer and more effective. "Although the number of bariatric surgery procedures has increased nearly ten times [1998 to 2003], the duration of the stay and complications decreased and hospitalized mortality remained stable," Wolfe Bruce M. Wolfe, MD and John M. Morton, MD, MPH, in a recent editorial at the Journal of the American Medical Association. Mortality is between 0.1% and 0.2%, a remarkably low figure for any complicated surgical procedure, says Livingston.

For Garrick Pedersen, the risks were worth it, even after his first attempt to get dangerously wrong. "Frankly, I feel great. I have more energy. My hips and knees do not hurt as they did. Diabetes is gone," he says. "I am able to walk and even work in the gym much more than before."

If he eats a lot, or very quickly, Pedersen can feel very uncomfortable for a while. But, he says: after years of diets and exercise plans, losing weight and winning back, this is a small price to pay to be able to look in the mirror and how he sees.

Morbidly Obese Man Tries Weight Loss Surgery - Here's What Happened - Black Women Weight Loss

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the smoothie diet


the smoothie diet
the smoothie diet