the smoothie diet

Impatience Makes Americans Fat - Tattoos After Weight Loss

"Make Now", Americans like to say. But we are more likely to talk about eating a pizza than working out.

and that is why we are so fat, argue the economist John Komlos, PhD, from the University of Munich, Germany and colleagues. In a provocative article, researchers think Americans have begun to gain weight at the same time that they stopped planning the future.

Your main evidence: When Americans began to spend more and save less than their income, their weight began to rise. The less we save for the future, the more weight we won. People living in countries that save more than their income are less obese. The discoveries appear in the current issue of Journal of Biosocial Science.

"People tried to look at many reasons why Americans are getting so overweight. But no one thought about the idea of ​​connecting it to impatience," says Komlos. "If you are willing to renounce the current satisfaction for future benefits, you are patient. If, however, you want your satisfaction now, then you will have this extra dessert and that extra ice cream and you will not be able to renounce the pleasures of today. ".

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Obesity: The future is now

The future, said French novelist Gustave Flaubert, is the worst thing about the present. Americans solve this dilemma simply ignoring the future. Economists would say that Americans have a "high rate preference rate". In simple language, this means ignoring future health risks and maximizing current consumption.

These people are impatient, says co-author study Barry Bogin, PhD, anthropologist at the University of Michigan-Dearborn.

"When it comes to spending money, they say, 'Let's go out and buy the things I want.' When it comes to food, they say, 'If they put everything in front of me now, I'll eat,' "Bogin tells WebMD.

So far, everyone knows that if you eat less and exercise more, lose weight. Keep it, and you will be healthier. But this means valuing both the future you will push your side dish and make time to run or work in a gym. Less and less Americans do this.

Impatience Makes Americans Fat

"Everything you need to do is go out and exercise for an hour, but people will not do this because of their time preference," says Bogin. "They say, 'Why invest an hour? I should be writing another job, doing more work, watching this thing on TV - which seems important now."

A widespread phenomenon, such as obesity, has no single cause, observes the co-author of the study Patricia K. Smith, PhD, an economist at the University of Michigan-Dearborn.

"People have to think about how they do now affect the future - about what [they] will do about the future," says Smith.

and this is getting harder and harder for more and more of us. Even something so seemingly innocuous as watching television becomes part of the problem.

"We know when people watch TV, they eat junk food more than if they are reading or listening to music," says Bogin. "It's a complex, the TV causes obesity? No. But a combination of poverty, low education, watching TV, hopelessness to be poor in a rich nation, all adds and raises your time preference, and you say" Does it matter with the future? I'll eat all the pizza now. '

Impatience, obesity and science

Komlos, Smith and Bogin are quick to say that your impatience hypothesis is by no means a proven fact. But this fits into the small data that exist - and makes sense.

What would be a serious health scientist? Michael J. Kuhar, PhD, directs the division of neuroscience at the Research Center for Yerkes National Primates at Emory University in Atlanta. Part of his research focused on the chemistry of the brain of obesity.

"It may be that when you actually analyze this, theory may need some modification. You may not apply exactly in the way you now seem to do - or this time preference can only apply in some cases, "Kuhar tells WebMD. "My feeling is that this is out, but it should not be fired. Things are so interesting and possibly beneficial. I'm not ready to accept this as a gospel yet, but it's very, very interesting."

The past and present of the future fear

The impatience of America did not appear at night. And it will not disappear quickly, Komlos warns.

"Not only just happening. It is a cumulative process that has been happening for several decades," he says. "And the obesity rate has been increasing for more than decades. This is not an immediate pattern and for any standard, but something that is approaching us. Then all the ads, all the media, are pushing us to satisfy our impulses Now and not wait. All pressures on us are to buy the car now, getting fast food now. "

We pass these attitudes to our children, he says. And at the time they reached their last teenagers, their preference for the present time over time can be difficult or impossible to revert.

"After learning these behavioral characteristics - since your preference is defined in childhood and adolescence - it will probably not change in your life," says Komlos. "It's kind of parameter that stays with you."

So what can be done? Komlos and Bogin boost a concerted public health effort.

"We really have to do what we did with cigarettes: salary a relentless campaign to get rid of everything that induces people to eat bad things," says Bogin. "We get rid of Joe Camel. Now we have to get rid of inadequate child food advertising."


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the smoothie diet


the smoothie diet
the smoothie diet