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Exercise, Weight Loss May Cut Heart Failure Risk

by Mary Elizabeth Dallas

. Health reporter

Best Exercise At Home For Weight Loss - Exercise, Weight Loss May Cut Heart Failure Risk

Best Exercise At Home For Weight Loss

Monday, (HealthDay News) - Obtaining regular exercises and remaining thin can lower the risk of a special type of heart failure especially difficult, new research.

This specific type of disease is called heart failure with preserved ejection fraction (HFPEF). The fraction of ejection is the amount of blood that is pumped from the heart. In many people with heart failure, the heart is so weak that it does not pump enough blood from the heart to meet the demands of the body.

In HFPEF, the heart muscle becomes hard and does not fill with enough blood. This causes the fluid to accumulate in the lungs and in the body, the researchers explain in a news version of the American College of Cardiology.

"We consistently find an association between physical activity, BMI [body mass index] and risk of global heart failure," said the senior study of the study Dr. Jarett Berry. BMI is a measurement of body fat based on height and weight.

Exercise, Weight Loss May Cut Heart Failure Risk

"This was not unexpected," said Berry, "however, the impact of these lifestyle factors in subtypes of heart failure was quite different."

Berry, from the University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center in Dallas, is an associate professor of the Department of Internal Medicine and Clinical Sciences, and Cardiac Rehabilitation Director.

HFPEF up to 50% of heart failure cases. Treatment for the condition often does not work well, which increases the importance of prevention strategies, study authors said.

For report, Berry and his colleagues reviewed information from three previous studies that included more than 51,000 people. The researchers excluded anyone who had heart disease when the studies began.

The researchers sought information on how much exercise participants succeeded, as well as their weight. In addition, the researchers reviewed the participants' medical records to see if people had been admitted to the hospital of heart failure over the various years of the study. The authors of the study have found that traditional risk factors for heart failure - such as high blood pressure, diabetes, smoking and obesity - were less common among those who were more active. People who exercised more tend to be white, masculine and have higher levels of education and income, the discoveries showed.

Meanwhile, people who carried more weight were younger, less active and were more likely to have risk factors for heart disease, according to the report.

Overall, the researchers identified almost 3,200 cases of heart failure. Almost 40 percent were HFPEF. Almost 29% were heart failure with reduced ejection fraction (HFROF), which is associated with the weak cardiac muscle that does not pump correctly. And just under 32 percent were not classified.

The study does not cause a cause and effect relationship, but low levels of physical activity were associated with a 6% lower risk of heart failure than any physical activity. Those who received the recommended amounts of exercise were a risk of 11% lower than heart failure.

in people who have more than recommended exercise values, the risk of HFPEF was reduced by 19%.

In addition, the incidence of HFPEF was significantly higher among those with excess weight, the results showed.

According to the first author of the study, Dr. Ambarish Pandey, "these data suggest the importance of modifying lifestyle standards to help prevent HFPEF in the general population." Pandey is a cardiology companion at the University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center.

The study was published on February 27 at the Journal of the American College of Cardiology.

Exercise and Heart Failure - Best Exercise At Home For Weight Loss

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